Before going deep into organizational behavior; we have to understand what an organization is. Organizations are groups or gathering whose main purpose is to accomplish a common goal. The goals may differ from organizations to organizations. The size, locations and goals can also vary from one to another. Even if the company is big or small, the main aim is to achieve a goal. Whenever a person joins a company he has certain goals to achieve. The key to achieving a goal is hard work and grit. Team effort is the core of any organization. By forming a team or group the goals of a company can be achieved. Without team work nothing can be achieved. Even in sports, team work is the key to accomplishment.
What is Organizational Behaviour
Organizational behavior is an academic disiplicine which deals with the systematic study of human behaviour in an organizational environment. It can simply be summed up as the study of people at work. Organizational behavior is concerned with group dynamics; how an individual performs in a group, how leadership effects organizational functions. The main purpose is to analysis how an organization function. In other terms, it is also known as organizational behavior management or OBM. In today’s work culture, it is important to understand the behaviors of workers in companies. Specific departments are constituted for these specific tasks.Understanding behavior of workers helps in growth of the company.
Knowledge of organizational behavior has helped managers and executives to better understand their fellow workers and channelize their skills and resources to achieve goals of the organizations. A meaning full organizational culture can have a positive impact on individual’s behavior. Recent research has shown that more stress should be given to organizational development, which in turn will create team spirit and motivate employees to achieve organizational goals. learning organizational behavior can create leads for understanding many areas like impact of personality on performance, employee motivation, leadership, creating effective teams and groups, study of different organizational structures, job design etc.
Advantages of knowing Organizational Behavior
There are many advantages of knowing Organizational Behavior for managers and leaders in any organization. The three distinct benefits are:
- Organizational behavior is the systematic study of people and their work within an organization. Understanding the definition itself will be useful for managers and leaders. It will also be helpful for an individual to understand his behavior itself. It will help organizations to better understand their employees, which will help in getting their work done pro-actively.
- Organizational behavior helps in managing human resources; it helps in developing work-related environment in an organization. It helps in creating a motivated atmosphere in any organization. It helps in predicting the behavior which in turns helps attain effectiveness in an organization. It also helps in functional behavior in any organization like increasing productivity,effectiveness,efficiency etc. It also helps in reducing dysfunctional behavior in workplace like absenteeism, dissatisfaction and tardiness etc.
- Organizational behavior helps in enhancing managerial skills; it helps in creating leaders. It helps in self-development; which is an integral part of learning organizational behavior. It also helps in getting a perspective of human values, ethics etc. Communication in the form of persuasion, coaching mentoring, goal setting, negotiation, conflict handling creates effective organizational culture. It also helps managers to create team which can achieve the organizational goals.
Organizational behavior is an interesting subject. It helps managers and leaders to understand, describe and modify an individual behavior. Many resources are available on this subject, studying which can be beneficial to managers. Organizational behavior involves the study of attitude, perception, learning and moral ethics at individuals point. For understanding stress, conflicts, intergroup behavior, decision making at group level various steps have to be taken like change of management, creating work ethics and organizational culture, designing and redesigning of jobs, and various other strategies are required to be implemented by managers and leaders for effective running of any organization.